Functioning Supply System

Successful family planning programs require consistent, reliable access to a range of family planning commodities in sufficient quantities at various service delivery points. It is accomplished by monitoring contraceptive stock to prevent stock outs and ensure contraceptive choice.

Why Is Commodity Security Important?

Access to family planning commodities is essential for any FP program to succeed. It eliminates missed opportunities by ensuring that all FP clients can select the contraceptive of their choice.


Activities that Ensure a Sustainable, Functioning Supply System:

  • Commodity tracking
    • Used to monitor the stock levels and for consumption reporting at facilities and stores
    • Can predict estimated usage of commodities and replenish supplies proactively
    • Can keep track of unused commodities that are approaching their expiration dates
    • An SMS tracking system can improve the speed and accuracy of information about contraceptive supply
  • Train health workers to accurately manage and support supply
    • This should include capacity strengthening in FP logistics management
    • Includes facility-based and community based health workers
  • Forecast and plan contraceptive supply on a national level
    • Correctly forecasting can eliminate stock outs and minimize waste, loss, and expiries of commodities


The Informed Push Model 1

  • Puts money from proceeds of purchases of contraception back into the supply system
  • Money helps keep contraceptive methods in stock and prices low
  • Logistics operators design and carry out a regular schedule for supply deliveries
  • Data is collected to ensure that service sites are fully stocked
  • Alleviates burden on pharmacies and clinics

Interventions to strengthen commodity security led to the following improvements in Senegal:

  • Improved product availability at the national, sub-national, and facility levels
  • Advocacy efforts informed by improved forecasting supply planning data resulted in increased funding for commodities by governments and other donors
  • Improved product availability at the facility-level led to an increased uptake in family planning methods
  • Stock outs were completely eliminated at the 14 public health facilities in Senegal where the Informed Push Model was implemented
  • When the IPM was implemented in public facilities across Senegal, stock out rates dropped to under 2% in six months

1 Informed push distribution of contraceptives in Senegal reduces stockouts and improves quality of family planning services