मुख्य मेनू

एक नज़र में & #8230;

  • In Senegalese culture, community theaters are used to communicate educational messages to the mostly illiterate population of lower socio-economic classes.
  • L’Initiative Sénégalaise de Santé Urbaine (ISSU) has held 23 community theater presentations on family planning-related themes in urban areas around Dakar.

In Senegalese culture, theater serves as a bridge between education and entertainment. Historically, theater has been used to disseminate information, share a story or educate people about events in and around their communities. Theater is considered a powerful tool for social change since it uses spoken word to reach all members of the community—even the illiterate. Theater engages its audience and raises community awareness in a relaxed and comfortable manner.

The 2011 baseline survey conducted at the household level by L’Initiative Sénégalaise de Santé Urbaine (ISSU) and the Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project on the provision of services in family planning in Senegal’s urban centers of Dakar, Guédawaye, Pikine, Mbao, Mbour and Kaolack showed that nearly all women (approximately 98 percent) were aware of at least one family planning method. However, only 12 to 20 percent of women currently use a modern method of contraception. Socio-cultural factors influence the use of contraceptive methods in Senegal among women who are aware of family planning methods. To change perceptions and address socio-cultural obstacles to family planning use, the ISSU project developed a variety of approaches, including community theater productions.

यद्यपि सभी कर्मचारी अपने परिवार नियोजन के ज्ञान को अपडेट करने के लिए पूर्व और इन-सर्विस प्रशिक्षण से गुजरते हैं, फिर भी बहुत से परिवार नियोजन परामर्श और सेवाएं प्रदान करने के लिए कौशल के अधिकारी नहीं हैं। इन स्वास्थ्य प्रदाताओं को कुशल प्रदाताओं के साथ जोड़ा गया था, जो यह सुनिश्चित करने के लिए मेंटर के रूप में काम करते हैं कि सुविधा कर्मचारी परिवार नियोजन के प्रावधान में सक्षम और कुशल हैं - विशेष रूप से लंबे समय से अभिनय और स्थायी तरीके (एलएपीएम) प्रदान करने में। Mentors स्वास्थ्य सुविधाओं के साथ मिलकर काम करते हैं और सुविधा की जरूरतों के आधार पर परिवार नियोजन मेंटरिंग गतिविधियों को निर्धारित करने के लिए आकाओं का उल्लेख करते हैं। मेंटर्स के साथ, वे परिवार नियोजन ज्ञान की समीक्षा करते हैं, मानवतावादी मॉडल पर नैदानिक कौशल का अभ्यास करते हैं, नैदानिक प्रदर्शनों का संचालन करते हैं, मानवतावादी मॉडल पर नैदानिक कौशल का अभ्यास करते हैं और वास्तविक ग्राहकों के लिए परिवार नियोजन प्रावधान की निगरानी करते हैं। इस एक-पर-एक निर्देश में परिवार नियोजन के लिए क्लाइंट की काउंसलिंग और क्लाइंट की चिकित्सा पात्रता मानदंड निर्धारित करने के तरीके शामिल हैं।

The mentoring curriculum is standardized through a reproductive health learning guide तथा classroom-based training. Thus far, 110 of the 424 providers who entered the program have successfully completed it, resulting in 110 more providers who are now able to offer full family planning counseling and services.

Community Theater

Niches are interactive plays performed by community theater troops that have experience addressing important health issues previously identified by local health districts and through the ISSU baseline survey. ISSU project staff collaborate with health educators, providers, district health teams and theater troops to develop scripts which address these issues. Central themes include family planning, healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies and partner communication, and they are accompanied by subthemes including:

  • Economic considerations such as education, health, housing and nutrition in families that grow too quickly
  • Religious concerns linked to family planning
  • Family planning myths and misconceptions
  • The temporary nature and management of side effects from contraceptive methods
  • Risks related to poorly spaced pregnancies

Actors in the niches typically represent key figures in Senegalese culture such as husbands who oppose family planning, wives who have too many children and are currently pregnant, mothers-in-law who want many grandchildren because of the gifts they will receive and religious leaders who are in favor of family planning.

Niches allow audience members to be both spectators and actors. In each scenario, the audience is invited to go on stage to give feedback, replay parts they enjoyed or even rewrite scripts to illustrate other emerging themes based on the dialogue. This interactive approach addresses family planning barriers directly. The play format offers opportunities for group reflection, facilitates individual and group decision-making and promotes family planning decision-making through group question and answer sessions and discussions related to the niche’s theme.

Given the niches’ wide acceptance and positive feedback, as well as the popularity of similar formats already on television and radio, ISSU aims to expand niches to a wider mass media channels to expand the reach and impact of positive family planning messages.

 

 

यह कहानी मूल रूप से द्वारा लिखी गई थी मापन, सीखना और मूल्यांकन परियोजना, जिसने केन्या, सेनेगल, नाइजीरिया और भारत में शहरी प्रजनन स्वास्थ्य पहल (यूएचआरआई) का मूल्यांकन किया। UTPI के तहत विकसित समाधानों और सफलताओं तक पहुंच बढ़ाने के साथ The Challenge Initiative का शुल्क लिया जाता है।